Cashew Nut Varieties: A Flavorful Journey From King-Sized to Culinary Staples

Cashew nuts, cherished for their rich flavor and nutritional benefits, are a popular snack and culinary ingredient worldwide. Originating from the cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale), which is native to Brazil, these nuts have traversed the globe, leading to the cultivation of various unique varieties. This article delves into the most notable cashew nut varieties, highlighting their distinct characteristics and global cultivation.

1. W-180 (White Whole 180)

The W-180, often referred to as the “King of Cashews,” is among the largest and most expensive cashew nut varieties. The number 180 indicates that there are about 180 kernels per pound. This variety is prized for its size, smooth texture, and sweet, creamy taste. W-180 cashews are typically reserved for gourmet applications and high-end culinary dishes due to their premium quality.

2. W-210 (White Whole 210)

Known as the “Jumbo” cashew, the W-210 variety is slightly smaller than the W-180 but still large and impressive. There are approximately 210 kernels per pound. These cashews are valued for their rich, buttery flavor and are often used in luxury snack mixes and upscale recipes.

3. W-240 (White Whole 240)

The W-240 variety is one of the most commonly available large cashews. With about 240 kernels per pound, these nuts strike a balance between size and affordability. They are popular for both snacking and cooking, offering a sweet, nutty flavor and a creamy texture that complements various dishes.

4. W-320 (White Whole 320)

W-320 cashews are among the most widely consumed varieties. Containing approximately 320 kernels per pound, they are smaller than the W-240 but still maintain a good size. These cashews are versatile and economical, making them a staple in many households for snacking, baking, and cooking.

5. W-450 (White Whole 450)

W-450 cashews are smaller yet more affordable than the larger varieties, with about 450 kernels per pound. Despite their smaller size, they retain the characteristic cashew flavor and are often used in bulk snack packs, trail mixes, and as an ingredient in various culinary applications.

6. SW (Scorched Wholes)

Scorched Whole cashews are slightly browned during the roasting process, giving them a distinct flavor profile that is richer and more robust than their white counterparts. They come in various sizes, such as SW-240 and SW-320, indicating their kernel count per pound. These cashews are favored for their unique taste and are often used in recipes where a deeper nut flavor is desired.

7. Dessert Cashews

Dessert cashews include smaller, broken, or slightly blemished kernels that do not meet the stringent grading standards of whole cashews. These nuts are perfect for grinding into cashew butter, adding to baked goods, or using as a topping for desserts and salads. While they may lack the aesthetic appeal of whole cashews, their flavor remains intact.

Regional Varieties and Cultivation

Cashew nuts are grown in various regions, each contributing to slight variations in flavor and texture due to differences in soil, climate, and agricultural practices. Major cashew-producing countries include:

  • India: Renowned for producing high-quality cashews, India grows several varieties, with a significant portion exported worldwide. Indian cashews are known for their rich taste and firm texture.
  • Vietnam: The world’s largest exporter of cashews, Vietnam offers a wide range of varieties, often characterized by their sweet and mild flavor.
  • Brazil: As the birthplace of the cashew tree, Brazil produces cashews that are celebrated for their superior taste and large size.
  • Nigeria: A major player in the global cashew market, Nigerian cashews are appreciated for their robust flavor and are often used in various culinary applications.

Nutritional Benefits

Regardless of the variety, cashew nuts are a powerhouse of nutrition. They are rich in healthy fats, protein, vitamins (such as B vitamins and vitamin K), and minerals (including magnesium, phosphorus, and zinc). Regular consumption of cashews can support heart health, weight management, and overall well-being.


The world of cashew nuts is as diverse as it is delicious. From the luxurious W-180 to the economical W-450, each variety brings its unique appeal to the table. Whether enjoyed as a simple snack or used as a key ingredient in gourmet recipes, cashews continue to captivate taste buds and contribute to healthy diets around the globe.

Ajigofarms is a reliable global agricultural purchase sourcing with profound expertise in the manufacturing, and exportation of food crops. We are tested, and trusted suppliers of all kinds of cash crops and food crops. Our constant supply chain solution makes exporting easy, quick, and safe, we are identified with timeliness and meeting up with deadlines. Regardless of the region you are located in worldwide, you can reliably order your Agric products and be rest assured of successful delivery.

Join The Discussion

Compare listings